CTI is a follow-up of the ideas of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono delivered on the sidelines of the 8th Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Brazil in 2006 based on the fact that the waters of Indonesia and the surrounding area is habitat for the highest levels of coral diversity (there are at least 5000 more types of coral), so that by itself it has a wealth of biological resources.
CTI was developed to establish mechanisms for cooperation among the countries that have the same goals and views about environmental management of marine natural resources and maintain continuity in the Coral Triangle region that includes six countries: Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, East Timor, PNG and Solomon Islands.
CTI dikembangkan untuk membentuk mekanisme kerjasama antar negara-negara yang memiliki tujuan dan pandangan yang sama mengenai pengelolaan lingkungan hidup dan mempertahankan kesinambungan SDA laut di kawasan Coral Triangle yang mencakup 6 negara: Indonesia, Filipina, Malaysia, Timor Timur, PNG, dan Kepulauan Solomon.
The 5 overarching goals of CTI :
- Designate and manage seascapes/large-scale geographies that are prioritised for investments and action, where best practices are demonstrated and expanded.
- Apply an ecosystem approach to manegement of fisheries and other marine resources
- Establish and to manage Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), including ccommunity-base resource utilization and management
- Achieve climate change adaptation measures for marine and coastal resources
- Improve the status of threatened species.
Indonesia’s Role in CTI
Following up the results of the CTI Summit in Manado, May 15, 2009, SOM 4 has been conducted in Kinabalu, November 2009 which resulted in the compilation of Term Of Reference (TOR) of the organizational structure of the CTI. MM 2 in Gizo, Solomon Island, has decided to choose Indonesia as chairman of the Council of Ministers of CTI for the period 2010-2011 and become the host of the CTI Regional Secretariat.
Besides that, Indonesia is the Chairman of the Coordination Mechanism Working Group (CMWG) who received a mandate from the Council of Ministers to draw up the organizational structure of the Permanent Secretariat of CTI and the accompanying legal documents and the Financial Mechanism Working Group (FMWG).
Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) Cooperation Development
CTI is currently in the process of establishing a Permanent Secretariat Regional and preparing legal documents. At SOM 6 in Manado, November 2010, Agreement on Establishment of a Permanent Secretariat and its Regional CTI 3 (three) other supporting documents of the Rules of Procedure, Financial Regulations and Staff Regulations have been agreed upon. The fourth document is expected to be adopted at the meeting of the Council of Ministers to-3 in Ambon in 2011. During the transition period, the Regional CTI Interim Secretariat is mandated to carry out its roles and functions until the establishment of a permanent secretariat.