As long as nuclear weapons exist the potential for catastrophe caused by its use still remains. That is why the total disarmament of nuclear weapons must be the main goal.
This statement was made by RI Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi in her opening remarks at the Regional Dialogue and Consultation on the Treaty on Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in Jakarta on Monday (13/3). The two-day meeting with the theme 'Towards Preparatory Committee Meeting 2017' was attended by representatives of 35 NPT state parties in the Asia Pacific region.
The Minister also focused on the current disparity of NPT pillar implementation. The modernisation of nuclear power and the right to nuclear energy for peaceful uses are still discriminative.
Currently, NPT is the only multilateral treaty on nuclear weapons disarmament and non-proliferation, as well as nuclear energy for peaceful use, otherwise known as the three pillars of the NPT Treaty.
In the midst of an uncertain global situation, as well as the reality that there are still nuclear weapons states that are not party to the NPT, Minister Marsudi affirmed that discussion on a convention banning nuclear weapons is highly relevant.
The hosting of the regional meeting on NPT is proof of Indonesia's commitment to the realization of an orderly, secure, and peaceful world in line with the ideals and mandate of the 1945 Constitution. The meeting is also part of Indonesia's campaign to become UN Security Council Non-permanent member for 2019-2020.
The initiative to host the meeting shows Indonesia's commitment to the NPT. This meeting can hopefully make the upcoming NPT Review Conference in 2020 a success.
The Jakarta meeting is also part of the preparations to hold the First Meeting of the NPT Review Conference 2020 Preparatory Committee which will be held in Vienna in May 2017. Also in line with the mandate given by the Non Aligned Movement to Indonesia to act as Coordinator for the NAM as well as the upcoming NPT Review Conference 2020 Preparatory Committee.
The preparatory cycle for the NPT Review Conference is held every five years and is divided into three stages in three cities, namely Vienna, Austria (First Preparatory Committee); Geneva, Switzerland (Second Preparatory Committee); and New York, United States (Third Preparatory Committee). The NPT Review Conference itself will be held at the UN Headquarters in New York in 2020.
The NPT is so far the only international legal instrument which regulates prohibiting nuclear weapons proliferation. The treaty also deals with peaceful use of nuclear energy. The NPT entered into force on 5 March 1970 and currently has 190 state parties. (KIPS/Infomed/Yo2k/PAN)